Until 1912 the current district Neukölln was called Rixdorf (früher Richardsdorp) and was a fusion of Britz, Buckow, Rudow and Rixdorf. Richardsplatz close to the U7 metro station Karl-Marx-Straße remembers its former name. The contemplative place kept its village character until today. It is a pleasant surprise coming out of the tumult of the Karl-Marx-Straße to this place there. You instantly have the feeling to having landed in another century.
At the centre of the place is the old forge, surrounded by old trees and lovely little houses. The Café-Restaurant Rixdorf dates back to the year 1870 and was originally owned by a farmer. With its little front yard is the heart of the old village centre. If you are looking for silence and slowness in Neukölln, you will find it in the old bohemian village at the Richardplatz.
A characteristic of Berlin is the constant fluctuation between the districts. The bubbly, multicultural, partly still a bit filthy and chaotic Neukölln attracted in the years around 2010 especially lots of young people. Countless young artists, craftsmen and students rushed away from districts like Prenzlauer Berg and Kreuzberg to Neukölln, because the rent there was still affordable. Since then the “Hipster” are mixing amongst the scenery of Turkish (large) families and changed the image of the district. Many new bars and cafés also have been established.
With the changes the rents went up and are by now at the same level as Friedrichshain or Kreuzberg. In the popular north of Neukölln old “Wilhelminian-style” buildings are dominating the urban landscape. These tenements are mostly renovated, but often too expensive to be rented out compared to the quality of living.
In the south of Neukölln, beyond the Ringbahn the picture changes into family residential areas and many high-rise buildings of the suburban housing development.
The infrastructure in Neukölln is well developed. The railway ring as well as many metro lines and busses provide you with fast connection to the city centre. The U7 runs from Rudow via Kreuzberg and Schöneberg to Spandau, the U8 from Hermannstraße via Mitte to Wittenau.